The History of Surgery and Anaesthesia
History is the intellectual form in which a civilisation renders account to itself in the past. 1 It was said, that those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it.2
In medicine, we will not go forward, unless we at first look back.
Just over 160 years ago a Dentist by the name of William
Thomas Green Morton
A newspaper article in London in 1846 commented:-
“Oh, what delight for every feeling heart to find the New Year ushered in with the announcement of this noble discovery of the power to still the sense of pain, and veil the eye and memory from all the horrors of an operation. ... We have conquered pain,” 3
Not long after that day the doors of surgery were completely shattered and operations that could never hope to have been done before; were now possible, and an untold number of lives have been saved as a result.
As Operating Department Practitioners and Theatre Nurses, we are valued members of a surgical team; our main aim is to ensure that the patient gets the best possible treatment while in our care within the Operating Theatre Department.
Our aim is achieved by giving technical assistance to the surgeon, anaesthetist and other physicians. It also requires us to directly treat patients, as one example, in the recovery room by administering pain prevention medication and anti-emetics.
Surgery that historically, has been described as the art and practise of treating injuries, deformities and other disorders by manual and instrumental means is advancing rapidly and we have to keep up with the latest developments in equipment, technique and the continuing patient safety protocols which seem to change weekly.
General Anaesthesia is commonly thought of as a completely controllable and reversible form of unconsciousness induced by drugs so that a surgeon can carry out a procedure.