The PioneersThe MilitaryReferences

Ambroise Pare (1510-1590)

During his lifetime Pare was responsible for the development of many surgical instruments and artificial limbs. Pare can certainly rank in the eyes of most as the greatest barber surgeon that ever was. He was the one responsible for separating surgery from the quacks and raising the standard of the profession to the stature of having noble calling.

The finest of compliments ever paid to him was by the soldiers in the besieged town of Metz in 1552. Pare was smuggled in at the request of the commander. His presence had a remarkable effect on morale. It was said that the men on realising that Pare was within the town whispered: "If we are wounded we cannot die; because Pare is amongst us”

Paré stated there were five reasons to perform surgery to eliminate that which is the superfluous, restore that which has been dislocated, for separate the doubt which has been united, joined doubt which has been divided and repair the defects of nature. 

He published his methods in a book, The Collected Works of Surgery, in 1575.

The Paris College of Physicians were typical at the time in their discrimination of barber surgeons, they tried to stop the publication of his texts and never accepted Paré because he was only a barber-surgeon. He did however have the support of the king, to whom he became the personal physician. Royal approval enabled Paré to overcome the medical community's antagonism to his ideas

Ambroise Pare is known as the father of modern day surgery (especially if you are French) I also agree with this statement.120