The Age of Hospital Reform.
Florence Nightingale 1820-1910Mary Stanley
Miss Stanley (who some say was the real heroine of nursing) arrived later with 46 other nurses (at first this reinforcement was objected to by Nightingale).
It is a fact though that Florence Nightingale was a high class snob, and spoke down to medical officers of a lesser class.
This tradition has in part carried on until now where nurses can apply for a nursing commission.
Mary Seacole is the third nurse of the Nightingale era. Rejected by Florence Nightingale, (some suggest because of race reasons) when the call was made by the Times Newspaper for nurses to go to the Crimea.
She was definitely born on the Island of Jamaica and christened Mary Jane Grant, she had an Afro-Caribbean Mother and a Scottish father, who was it believed to be an Army officer. She was taught herbal medicine and nursing from an early age.
Mary Seacole arrived in the Crimea in February of 1855 and set up with the help of Thomas Day who was a friend of her late husband a hotel in between Balaclava and Sevastopol In between seeing to the sick and wounded, she sold some of her herbal remedies.
Clarissa Harlowe Barton 1821-1912
The American comparable to Florence Nightingale was Clarissa Barton or Clara, as she wished to be called.
She was born on Christmas Day 1821 and she is one of the most honoured women in American history for being a true pioneer as well as an outstanding humanitarian. As pioneer, she began teaching school at a time when most teachers were men.
She was among the first women to gain employment in the federal government. As a pioneer and humanitarian, she risked her life when she was nearly 40 years old to bring supplies and support to soldiers in the field during the Civil War. Then, at age 60, she founded the American Red Cross in 1881 and led it for the next 23 years.
Her understanding of the needs of people in distress and the ways in which she could provide help to them guided her throughout her life. By the force of her personal example, she opened paths to the new field of volunteer service. Her intense devotion to the aim of serving others resulted in enough achievements to fill several ordinary lifetimes. 289