The Dark Ages
Queen Isabella (1451-1504)
Isabella, surnamed la Catolica, the Catholic, Queen of Castile, was the second child and only daughter of John II of Castile by his second wife Isabella, granddaughter of John I of Portugal. 115
Isabella married Ferdinand of Aragon, known also as Ferdinand V, the Catholic.In 1474 Isabella and Ferdinand jointly succeeded to the throne of Castile and Leon. Isabella's succession was contested, however, by Alfonso V of Portugal, who supported the claim of Henry's daughter Juana la Beltraneja.
Alfonso attacked Castile and Leon but was defeated by the Castilian army in 1476. Three years later Ferdinand succeeded to the throne of Aragon. This union of the two main Spanish kingdoms laid the foundation of Spain's future greatness. They had five children, including Catherine of Aragon, the first wife of Henry VIII of England. Isabella and her husband (known together as "The Catholic Kings") 290
It was probably whilst accompaying her Army that she noticed the suffering of the wounded that were left to die on the field of battle.
This all seems quite strange coming from the monarch responsible for the 1478 Spanish Inquisition that brutally tortured and killed thousands of innocent people throughout Christendom. She also along with her husband expelled the Jews and defeated the remaining moors.
In Britain the Caxton printing press was beginning to produce amongst others, medical textbooks. Hospitals were also on the increase, cities competed with each other for who had the best hospitals with the best doctors.