Christian Albert Theodor Billroth 1829-1894
Theodor Billroth’s family was of Swedish origin although he was born on the island of Rügen in 1829.
Billroth worked as a doctor from 1853-1860 at the Charité in Berlin. In Berlin he was also apprenticed to Carl Langenbuch.
From 1860-1867 he was Professor at the University of Zurich and director of the surgical hospital and clinic in Zurich.
While in Zurich, Billroth published his classic textbook Die allgemeine chirurgische Pathologie und Therapie (General Surgical Pathology and Therapy) (1863). At the same time he introduced the concept of audits, publishing all results, good and bad, which automatically resulted in honest discussion on morbidity, mortality, and techniques - with resultant improvement in patient selection. He was appointed professor of surgery at the University of Vienna in 1867 and practiced surgery as chief of the Second Surgical Clinic at the Allgemeine Krankenhaus (Vienna General Hospital). 266
He is famous for stomach operations He was the first surgeon on the world to achieve success against stomach cancer by removing a part of the stomach.
These operations carry his name, Billroth 1 and Billroth 2. He is buried in Vienna Austria.