The Age of Science
Michael Faraday 1791-1867
Michael Faraday was born in Newington Butts, now part of the London Borough of Southwark; where my ancestors come from. It was then a part of Surrey, one mile south of London Bridge.
Michael was born the autumn of that year. The young Michael Faraday, the third of four children, having only the most basic of school educations, had to largely educate himself.
At fourteen he became apprenticed to a local bookbinder and bookseller and during his seven-year apprenticeship, he read many books, including Isaac Watts' The Improvement of the Mind, and he enthusiastically implemented the principles and suggestions that it contained.
He developed an interest in science, especially in electricity. In particular, he was inspired by the book Conversations on Chemistry by Jane Marcet 149
Antoine-Laurent de Lavoisier(1743-1794)
Antoine-Laurent de Lavoisier determined the true nature of Oxygen. In 1785, Lavoisier had worked out the proportions of the gases of air which were present in the atmosphere. The revolution changed the face of France, some for goodand in the case of this scientist, bad. Soon after the revolution began, Jean-Paul Marat and other radical journalists began to slander Lavoisier for being a member of the Farmer's General. 150
In November 1793, after a one sided trial by jury. Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier, along with his father-in-law and others, were found guilty of conspiracy against the people of France. In this trial that lasted less than a day, all of them were convicted and sentenced to execution. When Lavoisier requested time to complete some scientific work, the presiding judge was said to have answered:
It can be said with great certainty, that the execution of this great chemist was a loss not only to French science, but to World science.