Although anthropologists would like us to believe that the human race evolved, it can not get away from the evidence that the rise of modern man happened to appear some 6000 years or so ago as this is when the evidence of the earliest writings, agriculture, organised governments producing the first laws and the rising of organised farming and agriculture.
The name Mesopotamia means “the land between the rivers”. The two rivers are the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. This region (modern day Iraq) has undergone many changes, it has always been an area where where there has been conflict, why even today post Saddam Hussein, different religious factions and terror groups such as ISIS are trying to gain control of the region. The land of Mesopotamia is made fertile by the irregular and often violent flooding of the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers, as is also seen with the Nile.
One of my favourite subjectsis AncientSumerian and Babylonian history, the origins of what we refer to as “civilization” was first led by the Sumerian. The Sumerian's are responsible for writing, forging metal and building structures.
There is a famous painting of the Tower of Babel, built suposedly by Nimrod and or Cush, so that he as man, (all though some think he was a demigod) could be as high as the Gods, and which led God to make the inhabitants start speaking with different languages, confusing languages (Babel) and thus separated from each other and found new lands to populate (some say this is a good example of why we see similar structures in the Americas)
This is how Babylon gets its name.
The Ziggurats of Samaria, were superb pieces of architecture, and were the forerunner to the magnificent Pyramids of Egypt, and some say, the temples of the Mayan Indian and Inca civilizations of Central and South America.
Most however, only know the Sumerian's because of the extensive library of cuneiform writing tablets they produced. It is via these ancient tablets that we know how they treated their sick and injured and managed the system.
Some skeletons in Mesopotamian graves bore unmistakable marks of brain surgery. A partially broken medical text speaks of the surgical removal of a "shadow covering a man’s eye", probably a cataract.
Another text.... mentions the use of a cutting instrument, stating that "if the sickness reached inside the bone, you shall scrape and remove"28
Babylon is Akkadian "babilani" which means "the Gate of God(s)" and it became the capital of the land of Babylonia. The name Babel in the Bible means "to confuse" and throughout the Bible, Babylon was a symbol of the confusion caused by godlessness. The name Babylon is the Greek form of the Hebrew name Babel 29