Mesopotamia means “the land between the
rivers”. The two rivers are the Tigris and Euphrates
Rivers. This region (modern day Iraq) has undergone
many changes, why even today post Saddam Hussein, different
religious factions are trying to gain control of the region. The
land of Mesopotamia is made fertile by the irregular and often
violent flooding of the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers, as is also
seen with the Nile.
One of my favourite subjects is Ancient
Sumerian and Babylonian history, the origins of what we refer to
as “civilization” was first led by the
Sumerian. The Sumerian's are responsible for writing, forging
metal and building structures.
There is a famous painting of the Tower of
Babel, built by Nimrod, so that he as man, (all though some think
he was a demigod) could be as high as the Gods, and which led God
to make the inhabitants start speaking with different languages,
confusing languages (Babel) and thus separated from each other
and found new lands to populate (some say this is a good example
of why we see similar structures in the Americas) This is how Babylon gets its name.
The Ziggurats of Samaria, were superb pieces
of architecture, and were the forerunner to the magnificent
Pyramids of Egypt, and some say, the temples of the Mayan Indian
and Inca civilizations of Central and South America.
Most however, only know the Sumerian's
because of the extensive library of cuneiform writing tablets
they produced. It is via these ancient tablets that we know
how they treated their sick and injured and managed the
Some skeletons in Mesopotamian graves
bore unmistakable marks
of brain surgery. A partially broken medical text
of the surgical removal of a "shadow covering a man’s eye", probably a cataract.
Another text.... mentions the use of a cutting
instrument, stating that "if the sickness reached inside the bone, you shall scrape and remove"28
Babylon is Acadian
"babilani" which means "the Gate of God(s)" and it became the
capital of the land of Babylonia. The name Babel in the Bible
means "to confuse" and throughout the Bible, Babylon was a
symbol of the confusion caused by godlessness. The name Babylon
is the Greek form of the Hebrew name Babel 29